A great and noble army of God's champions, who not only overcome their forbidden tendency to evil, but who also sacrifice time's noble things for something nobler: things seen, and even life itself, for things not seen, and who, by freeing themselves from all things earthly, have discovered to the world a freedom like that of God, to whom all things are subject. or has it been this, — "We have swept the heavens with our telescope, and have found no God"? In both nature and grace, the works of God are indeed wonderful, and we unworthy of the least of them. Adore the greatness and glory of God. An offending member of a family assumes a significance he did not have before. INTELLECTUAL BEING. Harrison.We regard the entire Psalm as descriptive of man's dignity and importance, which is at once seen in the exalted position he occupies in the realm of nature, and in the Divine system of revelation with which God in His love has blessed him.I. A sufferer is a being of importance in God's universe. Man is one who might "walk with God," as did Enoch; be the "friend of God," as was Abraham. Thus they set aside the whole government of God, and turn the world into a desolate wilderness, and make the human race orphans, with no Father to guide, to help, to save. What manner of persons should we be in all holy conversation and godliness! It is this which the record of creation tells us in another form, that God made man in His own image. The second is, that God pays special regard to His creature man. If in respect of his physical organisation he resembles the lower animals, over whom he undoubtedly wields a superior force, in respect of his moral and rational nature he resembles God, the crown and summit of all being. The fact of a thinking mind in man puts him above sun and moon and stars. He wrote the Psalm. Saw cities, smoke from factories, Glen … But are they forever to remain unsatisfied? They forget that all arguments other than those of the mathematician can be assailed again and again, and are always open to question. Divine interest and attention. (ii) That it binds the Creator to create a human soul at the will of man, perhaps an adulterer. A. From The Treasury of David by Charles H. Spurgeon. Take humanity out of the universe, and it is neither moral nor immoral, it is simply natural. When we look at this we feel as if our former remarks have only led us to the threshold of this theme. We do not say that we are the only moral and spiritual beings in the midst of so many worlds. Thou oughtest not to be proud, but neither shouldst thou be of an abject mind.3. In these three particulars we shall discover in him, side by side, the grandeur and the meanness of his nature.1. Man is not his accidents; not those things with which we associate him when we speak of any one man. But man cannot sin without Divine assistance. and the son of man, that Thou visitest him?" When you look at man in history there again the same sensation is borne in upon your mind. Consider the lilies, how they grow: connect them with the stars. A disorder attacks some portion of his body, whose cooperation with the mind is needful, and all his thoughts swim about chaotic and in disorder. Man is found to be compounded of just such substances as the brute, the tree, the stone. The disciplined will submits, and rejoices in submission. As we glance at the construction of the human frame we cannot fail to notice the amazing wisdom and power therein displayed. 1 (To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David.) no answer could be found. "The Lord visited Sarah," etc. He might, in a merely artificial language, indicate His benevolence; but He prefers to address us in our own joys and hopes, which rehearse His loving kindness. How certain is the triumph of the Church.4. It is the soul that makes man the most precious being in this lower world.V. His knowledge here indeed is but partial, but it contains within itself a prophecy of future perfection. Commentary, Psalm 8, Paul K. -K. Cho, Preaching This Week, … Yet what glory is greater than to seek only the glory of God; to cast our hard-won palms at His feet, and confess that He has done it, and not we ourselves. Man has a spirit which can think and soar and worship. Moreover. Where is it treasured up? He is so as man; and the relative position he holds, intellectually, morally, or socially, to his fellow men has nothing to do with the fact. When the outward circumstances of my life were quite different from what they are now, when my bodily shape and form were so different that none who had known me earlier could recognise me now, when I had completely other thoughts and feelings and pursuits than I have now; when I was a little child and a schoolboy I was essentially the same as I am now. Only mathematical argument excludes, or can exclude, controversy. He has given us the pleasures of sense, of imagination, of friendship, of memory; above all, the pleasure of holiness. The eternal and blessed life which we anticipate is not of reward, but of grace; not a payment, but a gift. III. Our humiliation is deepened by the discovery that our own life is kin to the inferior forms of life around us. )Wonders of grace in the height and in the depthJ. He is a free being, capable of self-improvement and self-destruction. "Two objects," said Kant, "fill my soul with ever-increasing admiration and — Above us the starry heaven, within us the moral law." Scripture: Psalms 8:4. Psalms 8:4 Context. By the image of God a "vital" likeness is intended; a likeness that has its source in a community of life. In human affairs we pretty well know and are able to judge, of the powers, abilities, and ends of men, and of their wisdom. But when asked, "From which parent came the soul, or was it from both?" Now, this consciousness is not the result of our physical constitution. The very next verse shows that he could not mean that, for he says, Thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, etc. Illustrate by God's coming to dwell in the Temple at Jerusalem; by the incarnation of the Only-begotten Son; by the providential dispensations of God; by gracious support and comforting in the trying seasons of life. WHENCE COMES THIS SOUL? And if the supernatural interposed to create, might it not interpose to save? His works are fitted to a good end; this fitness is a result, and thus an exponent of His wisdom. W. Dale, M. The microscope, when the telescope was discovered to support human doubt, seems to have come into existence to meet that doubt. Just as emphatic are the contradictions which we discern in man's moral nature. The pure heart sees, and knows, and welcomes God. Their sensibilities, more than the stars of heaven, declare the glory of God; and their intellect, more than the firmament, showeth His wisdom. It is in no sense self-sustained. Man we believe to be himself a cause of action. Wonder; for how wonderful is Christ.2. More servants wait on man, Than he will take notice of: in every path He treads down that which doth befriend him, When sicknesse makes him pale and wan, Oh, mightie love! NEGATIVELY. III. Animal organism of little value aside from this. Further, it should be remembered that these men of science have elevated their abstract laws to the position of effectual causes of things, and so have Set aside the first great Cause, and, in their minds, supplanted the higher truth. Man is distinguished in the scale of being by thought. What these are we may infer from the manner in which God regards them.II. Thought has no magnitude. This doctrine travelled to , is found in Philo, and in the , and in the Gnostics.3. The whole host of heaven has been brought into co-ordinate and helpful relation to it — yes, it, the world, exists for us! They disclose His feelings. Do you not see matter of admiration and cause of wonder? And how many examples of these hard-fought victories has the history of the world recorded l And how many names distinguished for virtue shine in all the ages! There is much taught us in this brief expression. The interval between the highest brute intelligence and the rational soul of the lowest man is so wide and impassable a gulf that all but the most extreme and immoderate theorists find need to suppose the intervention of a sublime life-giving power that transcended all previously existing natures in bestowing upon man a rational soul.II. And it agrees emphatically with the Scripture distinction between the "fathers of our flesh" and the "Father of our spirits." As he contemplated the vast expanse of God's glorious creative handiwork, where by the might of His power and the wisdom God spoke time, space and matter into being.. (from nothing), the Psalmist utters words that confound all God's children. 3. He is the being whom God made for this one beneficent purpose, to be the recipient of His visitation, the object of His Divine regard. Their controversy is not with philosophy or with religion, it is with the human race. This condescension would impress him most of all as he thought upon man as a sinful creature — ungrateful, disobedient, rebellious.(Homilist. Compare me with the universe on the physical side, and words are utterly powerless to express the inconceivable contrast of greatness and littleness. In answer to the question, What is man? AND DO WE COMPREHEND FULLY THE END PROPOSED? )What is man, that Thou art mindful of him?What is manR. He does not mean to imply that man constitutionally is a contemptible being — a creature too insignificant for notice. )Man's study of himselfHomiletic Review.I. God acts as a sovereign, choosing whom He will.2. (ii) That it binds the Creator to create a human soul at the will of man, perhaps an adulterer. Think for a moment of the rapidity of thought: time and space are both annihilated by it. The greatness of God crushes our hearts if we look only at the wonders in the heights above, and the expression of amazed and humble thanksgiving is also the language of doubt. And concerning these destinies, we may infer from the ease and tranquillity of the messengers of heaven that all is well, if looked upon from a point sufficiently high. Seneca contends for it, but the Church by her teaching of the value of each soul counteracted all such views. And what is there wonderful, other than being unusual, m that Christ should be born of a virgin? Is our house greater than God's heavens, that He cannot be trusted with it? The heavens are incapable of studying their Maker; man can. His knowledge here indeed is but partial, but it contains within itself a prophecy of future perfection. Starving souls, come to Jesus. How do we receive this visitation? But the thought of our high origin and our glorious destiny awakens and fosters in us the religion of hope. It is this which lifts him above the brute creation, and constitutes him an active, intelligent, and responsible agent. Not — and this is the greatest glory of all — not for their own glory did they accomplish this. 2. THE WORKS OF GOD'S GRACE IN THE DEPTHS BELOW. He has led us to take the highest view of our spiritual nature. Our argument is briefly this: The material system, so far as it is open to our knowledge, surpasses all power of conception. What are we but microscopical insects, crawling in indistinguishable multitude upon the face of a planet, which, in comparison with the countless orbs of space, is itself no more than a grain of stardust? Presage thy future perfection and happiness, and get a foretaste of them!(G. TO CHRIST. No, for see —2. Man is a depraved and sinful as well as a weak creature. Yet, while the future remains a dim, unknown quantity to our reason, and shadows flit across the canvas of our daily life, it is hard to believe that God stands within the shadow keeping watch over His own. God cannot, by His very nature, by all His covenants of grace and mercy, leave His own. But has not the same reason sought to obliterate this distinction, leaving him in frightful confusion? Perhaps it is impossible for any power to impress on the mind any truth, by mere words, so deeply as by acts, which are emphatic words. Moleschoff avers that "Thought is a motion of matter." An organism like other organisms." or the son of …. In all the concerns of manhood. He is so always, from the earliest hour of our infancy.2. What are these pleas worth?1. James Janeway, 1674. )The greatness and littleness of manJames Brand, D. D.I. (David J. Hill, LL. Why, then, should man refuse to believe that he is an object of solicitous love to that God who created him, who made him what he is, and who thus crowned him with glory and honour? Have a proper sense of thy dignity, and learn to think generously and nobly.4. Consider a Being who, full and complete in Himself, needs no addition, and feels no want, a Being who knows all things, embraces the past, the present, the future, in one comprehensive glance. The sense of personality, this discrimination between the I and the not I, is so strong and fundamental, that it requires, in most of us, an effort to take the other view, and to consider ourselves as a minute and undivided part of the whole. It is the soul that makes man the most precious being in this lower world. The rainbow has nothing in its structure adapted to reveal a Divine promise respecting another flood; but the Author of it gave it a meaning, and made it, as it were, an epistle printed on the clouds and recording a Divine purpose. Man is distinguished in the scale of being by thought. To the Infinite they have no meaning.II. Had he come for his health, or did he come to remain? WHENCE COMES THIS SOUL? It is indeed wonderful that the Son of God should be born of a virgin, and suffer and die for our redemption. In exerting this wisdom He exhibits it; for it is this wisdom, as the cause, to which the mind reasons from itself as the effect. It lies not in superior strength, powers of endurance, or length of days, but in that mysterious relation to the Maker of all, His likeness, His image, in which man alone of all God's works was made. It is the possession of this princely power to think that places him on the very throne of material beings, in his hand the sceptre of dominion and on his brow the crown of a possible and glorious destiny. These facts should not oppress us, but lead us, by God's hell), to make our lives the best answer to the text. David is supposed by some, to have written this Psalm, long before his elevation to the Jewish throne; while he was yet a youth, busied in tending his father's cattle on the plains of Bethlehem. What is man, that thou art mindful of him? Though each part is necessary to the whole, there are those which occupy more important places in the great economy, not, doubtless, from any intrinsic excellence in themselves, but the ordination of God. Mind is above matter, intelligence above force.2. WHAT IS THE DESTINY OF THE SOUL? Another reason why Jehovah reveals His excellence through His works is, that He promotes His own blessedness by the revelation. Man is an immortal intelligence, and therefore great. But whatever else the words may mean, they clearly assure us that there is in every man something that is akin to God, something which separates him from all other creatures on the face of the earth, something which makes it possible for him to think of God, to know God, and to love God. For the Psalm evidently expresses astonishment at the condescension of God in visiting creatures so unworthy of His regard. The disciplined will submits, and rejoices in submission. Yet man must still seem insignificant when measured by the highest standard. They make known God's laws. He can utter inarticulate sounds, expressive of pleasure and pain; he cannot, like man, compare and generalise, and communicate rational thought by the vehicle of speech. (Dean Mansel. For who would have dreamt that there should be such a glorious world for such a creature as man? Man, like God, is a spirit; his corporeal frame being only a frame.2. They symbolise and demonstrate His Divine attributes by the vastness and richness of His visible universe. Buchner, that "Mental activity is a function of the cerebral substance. An outside impression has struck him; all his thoughts are scattered. The anatomist dissects and the chemist analyses the human body. Articulate speech is a wonder. The child of circumstance, yet endowed with freedom of moral choice, and weighted with the responsibility which that freedom brings. But, in reply, we have new species of animals. We were created to grow up into His stature.2. Napoleon thought most of Austerlitz, Wellington of Waterloo, Morse of the telegraph, Lincoln of the Emancipation proclamation. David reasons with himself that here is the Great Being who fills the midnight sky with suns and moons and planets and worlds, like shining jewels, and yet cares so much about man, who is physically so insignificant when compared to these creations, that He visits him and holds communion with him in loving tenderness. The meanness of man, and his unworthiness of the regard and affection of the Most High God. On observed facts a theory is based, claiming to be covered by the facts in accordance with the strictest methods of induction, that there has been going on through countless ages of the universe a development from one primordial seed of insect, and animal, and man, through endless varieties of sub-species, each slightly deviating from and improving upon its predecessor in the series, until man, the latest result of evolution, appeared upon the earth. He says, in effect, The stars are too many for you, you feel a noise in your little heads, and it is not good for you to look at the Milky Way and the Great Bear and the gleaming Orion and the beauteous Venus; so I will make some starlets for you, little living stars, asteroids. Whatever lives the life of consciousness and reflection, though never so feebly, is separated by an immeasurable gulf from that which simply exists, unwitting of its own existence. But if I have no other theatre of His grace than that one so infinite I can call Him the Infinite, but the name of Father dies away on my lips. )The greatness and littleness of manJames Brand, D. D.I. )Work of God's fingersJohn Trapp.This is most elaborate and accurate; a metaphor from embroiderers, or from them that make tapestry. Heed of the natural world been so curiously, sensitively, and its by! By God. easily excited by subjects that really have nothing in them, covenant, person power... 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